Professor Christopher Bronk Ramsey

Radiocarbon dating in Archaeology

As director of the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, he has been involved in many different archaeological projects.  These projects include those that are led from Oxford, and those that are collaborative with scholars elsewhere.  His primary focus in recent years has been in the archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean (Aegean, Egypt and the Levant), and in the Paleolithic period (with Tom Higham).


Quaternary chronology and Environmental Science

Radiocarbon dating  (0-50ka) provides one of the main ways for dating the later Quaternary (0-2.5Ma) and in particular the dating of modern human expansion into Europe, Neanderthal extinction and faunal/human responses to the climate variability during the last glacial cycle.  Much of his current research is directed to improving radiocarbon as a method for quaternary research.  He is a member of the international INTCAL committee that oversees the calibration of radiocarbon.  Two current research grants are directed at improving the global datasets for radiocarbon calibration. 


The use of numerical modeling methods in chronology

Over the last 15 years he has worked extensively on the application of Bayesian statistical methods to the study of chronology in both Archaeology and Quaternary environmental research.  He has formulated a systematic approach to approaching chronological research, which is embedded in the widely used software package OxCal.


Development of Nuclear Instruments and Methods

Trained as a physicist, much of his early-career research was in the development of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) techniques including the development of gas ion sources for AMS which allows the measurement of very small samples and a technique, GC-AMS  with applications in the environmental and biological sciences.  More recently he has been most concerned with the development of high-precision techniques  and their applications to archaeological and environmental problems.


Links

RESET — Response of Humans to Abrupt Environmental Transitions

2019

 

McDonald, L., Chivall, D., Miles, D., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2019). Seasonal variations in the 14C Content of Tree Rings: Influences on Radiocarbon Calibration and Single-Year Curve Construction. Radiocarbon, 61(1), 185–194. https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2018.64

Malone, C., Cutajar, N., McLaughlin, T. R., Mercieca-Spiteri, B., Pace, A., Power, R. K., … Whittle, A. (2019). Island questions: the chronology of the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, Gozo, and its significance for the Neolithic sequence on Malta. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00790-y

Loftus, E., Mitchell, P., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2019). An archaeological radiocarbon database for southern Africa. https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.35023

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Blaauw, M., Kearney, R., & Staff, R. (2019). The importance of open access to chronological data: The IntChron initiative. Radiocarbon. Retrieved from https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:a58e6e68-5170-4d20-a770-dc91b639e29b

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher. (2019). Radiocarbon calibration and age estimation. In S. L. López Varela (Ed.), The encyclopedia of archaeological sciences. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell.

 

2018

 

Turney, Chris S. M., Palmer, J., Maslin, M. A., Hogg, A., Fogwill, C. J., Southon, J., … Hua, Q. (2018). Global Peak in Atmospheric Radiocarbon Provides a Potential Definition for the Onset of the Anthropocene Epoch in 1965. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 3293. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20970-5

Pilø, L., Finstad, E., Bronk Ramsey, C., Robert Post Martinsen, J., Nesje, A., Solli, B., … Barrett, J. H. (2018). The chronology of reindeer hunting on Norway’s highest ice patches. Royal Society Open Science, 5(1), 171738. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.171738

Manning, Sturt W., Birch, J., Conger, M. A., Dee, M. W., Griggs, C., Hadden, C. S., … Wild, E. M. (2018). Radiocarbon re-dating of contact-era Iroquoian history in northeastern North America. Science Advances, 4(12), eaav0280. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav0280

Manning, S W, Griggs, C., Lorentzen, B., Bronk Ramsey, C., Chivall, D., Timothy Jull, A. J., & Lange, T. E. (2018). Fluctuating radiocarbon offsets observed in the southern Levant and implications for archaeological chronology debates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201719420. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1719420115

Jarman, C. L., Biddle, M., Higham, T., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2018). The Viking Great Army in England: new dates from the Repton charnel. Antiquity, 92(361), 183–199. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2017.196

Hare, V. J., Loftus, E., Jeffrey, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2018). Atmospheric CO2 effect on stable carbon isotope composition of terrestrial fossil archives. Nature Communications, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02691-x

Fernández-Crespo, T., Schulting, R. J., Ordoño, J., Duering, A., Etxeberria, F., Herrasti, L., … Bronk Ramsey, C. (2018). New radiocarbon dating and demographic insights into San Juan ante Portam Latinam, a possible Late Neolithic war grave in North-Central Iberia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23465

Deviese, T., Comeskey, D., McCullagh, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Higham, T. (2018). New protocol for compound-specific radiocarbon analysis of archaeological bones. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 32(5), 373–379. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8047

Alves, E. Q., Macario, K., Ascough, P., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2018). The Worldwide Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Effect: Definitions, Mechanisms, and Prospects. Reviews of Geophysics, 56(1), 278–305. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017RG000588

Adolphi, F., Bronk Ramsey, C., Erhardt, T., Edwards, R. L., Cheng, H., Turney, C. S. M., … Muscheler, R. (2018). Connecting the Greenland ice-core and U∕Th timescales via cosmogenic radionuclides: testing the synchroneity of Dansgaard–Oeschger events. Climate of the Past, 14(11), 1755–1781. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1755-2018

 

2017

 

Turney, C S M, Jones, R. T., Phipps, S. J., Thomas, Z., Hogg, A., Peter Kershaw, A., … Cooper, A. (2017). Rapid global ocean-atmosphere response to Southern Ocean freshening during the last glacial. Nature Communications, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00577-6

Stratton, S., Griffiths, S., Koglniceanu, R., Simalcsik, A., Morintz, A., Stefan, C. E., … Whittle, A. (2017). The emergence of extra-mural cemeteries in Neolithic south-east Europe: a formally modelled chronology for Cernica, Romania. Radiocarbon.

Spötl, C., Reimer, P. J., Rabeder, G., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2017). Radiocarbon Constraints on the Age of the World’s Highest-Elevation Cave-Bear Population, Conturines Cave (Dolomites, Northern Italy). Radiocarbon, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2017.60

Schulting, R J, Bronk Ramsey, C., Reimer, P. J., Eogan, G., Cleary, K., Cooney, G., & Sheridan, A. (2017). Dating Neolithic human remains from Knowth. In G. Eogan & K. Cleary (Eds.), Excavations at Knowth 6: The Passage Tomb Archaeology of the Great Mound at Knowth (pp. 331–386). Dublin: Royal Irish Academy.

Schlolaut, G, Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H. F., Tyler, J. J., Staff, R. A., … Tarasov, P. E. (2017). Evidence for a bi-partition of the Younger Dryas Stadial in East Asia associated with inversed climate characteristics compared to Europe. Scientific Reports, 7, 44983. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44983

Duffy, J. E., McCarroll, D., Barnes, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., Davies, D., Loader, N. J., … Young, G. H. (2017). Short-lived juvenile effects observed in stable carbon and oxygen isotopes of UK oak trees and historic building timbers. Chemical Geology, 472, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.007

Denaire, A., Lefranc, P., Wahl, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., Goslar, T., … Whittle, A. (2017). The Cultural Project: Formal Chronological Modelling of the Early and Middle Neolithic Sequence in Lower Alsace. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 24(4), 1072–1149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10816-016-9307-x

Cooper, L. P., Jarvis, W., Bayliss, A., Beamish, M. G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Browning, J., … Macphail, R. (2017). Making and Breaking Microliths: A Middle Mesolithic Site at Asfordby, Leicestershire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 1–54. https://doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2017.7

Card, N., Mainland, I., Timpany, S., Towers, R., Batt, C., Bronk Ramsey, C., … Whittle, A. (2017). To Cut a Long Story Short: Formal Chronological Modelling for the Late Neolithic Site of Ness of Brodgar, Orkney. European Journal of Archaeology, 1–47. https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2016.29

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher. (2017). Methods for Summarizing Radiocarbon Datasets. Radiocarbon, 59(2), 1809–1833. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2017.108

Brock, F, Dee, M., Hughes, A., Snoeck, C., Staff, R., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2017). Testing the Effectiveness of Protocols for Removal of Common Conservation Treatments for Radiocarbon Dating. Radiocarbon, 60(01), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2017.68

 

2016

 

Bayliss, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G., Marshall, P., McCormac, G., & van der Plicht, J. (2017). Radiocarbon dates from samples funded by English Heritage between 1998 and 2003. English Heritage.

Weber, Andrzej W, Schulting, R. J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bazaliiskii, V. I., Goriunova, O. I., & Natal’ia, B. E. (2016). Chronology of middle Holocene hunter–gatherers in the Cis-Baikal region of Siberia: Corrections based on examination of the freshwater reservoir effect. Quaternary International, 419, 74–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.12.003

Weber, A W, Schulting, R. J., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Bazaliiskii, V. I. (2016). Biogeochemical data from the Shamanka II Early Neolithic cemetery on southwest Baikal: Chronological and dietary patterns. Quaternary International, 405, 233–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.01.031

Turney, C. S., Palmer, J., Hogg, A., Fogwill, C. J., Jones, R. T., Bronk Ramsey, C., … others. (2016). Multidecadal variations in Southern Hemisphere atmospheric 14C: evidence against a Southern Ocean sink at the end of the Little Ice Age CO2 anomaly. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(2), 211–218. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015gb005257

Turney, C S M, Palmer, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Adolphi, F., Muscheler, R., Hughen, K. A., … Hogg, A. (2016). High-precision dating and correlation of ice, marine and terrestrial sequences spanning Heinrich Event 3: Testing mechanisms of interhemispheric change using New Zealand ancient kauri (Agates australis). Quaternary Science Reviews, 137, 126–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.005

Sveinbjörnsdóttir, Á. E., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Heinemeier, J. (2016). The Settlement Date of Iceland Revisited: Evaluation of 14C Dates from Sites of Early Settlers in Iceland by Bayesian Statistics. Radiocarbon, 58(02), 235–245. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.2

Stratton, S., Griffiths, S., Kogalniceanu, R., Simalcsik, A., Moritz, A., Aztefan, C. E., … Whittle, A. (2016). The emergence of extra-mural cemeteries in Neolithic south-east Europe: a formally modelled chronology for Cernica, Romania.

Schlolaut, Gordon, Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H., Marshall, M., Kato-Saito, M., … Bryant, C. (2016). Indications of a pan-hemispheric bi-partition of the Younger Dryas Stadial from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 18, 9552.

Oliveira, F. M., Macario, K. D., Pereira, B. B., Buarque, A., Chivall, D., Alves, E. Q., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2016). Evaluation of Sample Preparation Protocols for the 14 C Dating of Tupiguarani Pottery in Southeastern Brazil. Radiocarbon, 59(03), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.58

Nielsen, J., Hedeholm, R. B., Heinemeier, J., Bushnell, P. G., Christiansen, J. S., Olsen, J., … Steffensen, J. F. (2016). Eye lens radiocarbon reveals centuries of longevity in the Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus). Science, 353(6300), 702–704. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf1703

Marshall, Peter, Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., & Reimer, P. (2016). The Mesolithic of the wetland/dryland edge in the Somerset levels: radiocarbon dating.

Marshall, P., Clarke, D. V., Sheridan, J. A., Shepherd, A. N., Sharples, N., Armour-Chelu, M. J., … Whittle, A. (2016). Links of Noltland, Westray, Orkney: radiocarbon dating and chronological modelling. Historic England Research Report Series, 1–38.

Marcus, E. S., Dee, M. W., Bronk Ramsey, C., Higham, T. F., & Shortland, A. J. (2016). Radiocarbon Verification of the Earliest Astro-Chronological Datum. Radiocarbon, 58(04), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.67

Manning, Sturt W, Griggs, C. B., Lorentzen, B., Barjamovic, G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Kromer, B., & Wild, E. M. (2016). Integrated Tree-Ring-Radiocarbon High-Resolution Timeframe to Resolve Earlier Second Millennium BCE Mesopotamian Chronology. PloS One, 11(7), 157144. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157144

Macario, K. D., Alves, E. Q., Carvalho, C., Oliveira, F. M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Chivall, D., … Cavallari, D. C. (2016). The use of the terrestrial snails of the genera Megalobulimus and Thaumastus as representatives of the atmospheric carbon reservoir. Scientific Reports, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27395

Jakucs, J., Bánffy, E., Oross, K., Voicsek, V., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., … Whittle, A. (2016). Between the Vinča and Linearbandkeramik Worlds: The Diversity of Practices and Identities in the 54th–53rd Centuries cal BC in Southwest Hungary and Beyond. Journal of World Prehistory, 29(3), 267–336. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10963-016-9096-x

Hogg, Alan, Southon, J., Turney, C., Palmer, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Fenwick, P., … others. (2016). Punctuated shutdown of Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation during Greenland stadial 1. Scientific Reports, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/srep25902

Hogg, Alan, Southon, J., Turney, C., Palmer, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Fenwick, P., … others. (2016). Decadally Resolved Lateglacial Radiocarbon Evidence from New Zealand Kauri. Radiocarbon, 58(04), 709–733. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.86

Czerniak, L., Marciniak, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E., Goslar, T., Barclay, A., … Whittle, A. (2016). House time: Neolithic settlement development at Racot during the 5th millennium CAL B.C. in the Polish lowlands. Journal of Field Archaeology, 41(5), 618–640. https://doi.org/10.1080/00934690.2016.1215723

Bayliss, Alex, Marshall, P., Tyers, C., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G., Freeman, S., & Griffiths, S. (2016). Informing Conservation: towards 14C wiggle-matching of short tree-ring sequences from medieval buildings in England. Radiocarbon, 59(03), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.61

 

2015

 

Schulting, Rick J, Bronk Ramsey, C., Bazaliiskii, V. I., & Weber, A. (2015). Highly Variable Freshwater Reservoir Offsets Found along the Upper Lena Watershed, Cis-Baikal, Southeast Siberia. Radiocarbon, 57(4), 581–593. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_rc.57.18458

Ramsey, Christopher Bronk, Albert, P. G., Blockley, S. P., Hardiman, M., Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., … Lowe, J. J. (2015). Improved age estimates for key Late Quaternary European tephra horizons in the RESET lattice. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 18–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.007

Ramsey, C B, Higham, T. F. G., Brock, F., Baker., D., Ditchfield., & Staff, R. A. (2015). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Dateless 35. Archaeometry, 57(1), 177–216. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12134

Ramsey, C B. (2015). Bayesian approaches to the building of archaeological chronologies. Mathematics and Archaeology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 272–292.

Macsween, A., Hunter, J., Sheridan, A., Bond, J., Ramsey, C. B., Reimer, P., … Whittle, A. (2015). Refining the Chronology of the Neolithic Settlement at Pool, Sanday, Orkney: Implications for the Emergence and Development of Grooved Ware. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 81, 283–310. https://doi.org/10.1017/ppr.2015.12

Lowe, J. J., Ramsey, C. B., Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., Tomlinson, E. L., Associates, R., … others. (2015). The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006

Grant, Katharine M, Rohling, E. J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, L. R., Florindo, F., … others. (2015). A new chronology and probabilistic assessment of sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 17, 1979.

Dee, Michael W, Ramsey, C. B., & Higham, T. F. (2015). Radiocarbon Dating and the Exodus Tradition. In Israel’s Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective (pp. 81–89). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-04768-3_6

Canti, M., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Hua, Q., & Marshall, P. (2015). Chronometry of pedogenic and stratigraphic events from calcite produced by earthworms. Quaternary Geochronology, 28, 96–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2015.05.001

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., Smith, V. C., & Pollard, M. A. (2015). The RESET tephra database and associated analytical tools. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 33–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.008

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Higham, T., Brock, F., Baker, D., Ditchfield, P., & Staff, R. (2015). Radiocarbon Dates from the Oxford AMS System: Archaeometry Datelist 35. Archaeometry, 57(1), 177–216. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12134

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Albert, P. G., Blockley, S. P. E., Hardiman, M., Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., … Lowe, J. J. (2015). Improved age estimates for key Late Quaternary European tephra horizons in the RESET lattice. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, 18–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.007

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher. (2015). Bayesian Approaches to the Building of Archaeological Chronologies. In J. A. Barcelo & I. Bogdanovic (Eds.), Mathematics and Archaeology (pp. 272–292). Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Bayliss, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G., McCormac, G., & Marshall, P. (2015). Radiocarbon dates from samples funded by English Heritage between 1993 and 1998. English Heritage.

 

2014

 

Wengrow, D., Dee, M. W., Foster, S., Stevenson, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2014). Cultural Convergence in the Neolithic of the Nile Valley: A Prehistoric Perspective on Egypt’s Place in Africa. Antiquity, 88(339), 95–111. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00050249

Staff, Richard A, Reynard, L., Brock, F., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2014). Wood Pretreatment Protocols and Measurement of Tree-Ring Standards at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU). Radiocarbon, 56(2), 709–715. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200049742

Seddon, A. W., Mackay, A. W., Baker, A. G., Birks, J. H. B., Breman, E., Buck, C. E., … others. (2014). Looking forward through the past: identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. Journal of Ecology, 102(1), 256–267. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12195

Schulting, R., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bazaliiskii, V. I., Goriunova, O. I., & Weber, A. (2014). Freshwater Reservoir Offsets Investigated through Paired Human-Faunal 14C Dating and Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analysis at Lake Baikal, Siberia. Radiocarbon, 56(3), 991–1008. https://doi.org/10.2458/56.17963

Schlolaut, Gordon, Brauer, A., Marshall, M. H., Nakagawa, T., Staff, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., … others. (2014). Event layers in the Japanese Lake Suigetsu sediment core: description, interpretation and climatic implications. Quaternary Science Reviews, 83, 157–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.026

Quiles, A, Valladas, H., Geneste, J., Clottes, J., Baffier, D., Berthier, B., … others. (2014). Second Radiocarbon Intercomparison Program for the Chauvet-Pont d’Arc Cave, Ardèche, France. Radiocarbon, 56(2), 833–850. https://doi.org/10.2458/56.16940

Manning, Sturt W, Hoflmayer, F., Moeller, N., Dee, M. W., Bronk Ramsey, C., Fleitmann, D., … Wild, E. M. (2014). Dating the Thera (Santorini) eruption: archaeological and scientific evidence supporting a high chronology. Antiquity, 88(342), 1164–1179. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00115388

Manning, Sturt W, Dee, M. W., Wild, E. M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bandy, K., Creasman, P. P., … Steier, P. (2014). High-precision dendro-14C dating of two cedar wood sequences from First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom Egypt and a small regional climate-related 14C divergence. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46, 401–416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.03.003

Ives, J. W., Froese, D. G., Janetski, J. C., Brock, F., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2014). A High Resolution Chronology for Steward’s Promontory Culture Collections, Promontory Point, Utah. American Antiquity, 79(4), 616–637. https://doi.org/10.7183/0002-7316.79.4.616

Humphrey, L. T., De Groote, I., Morales, J., Barton, N., Collcutt, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Bouzouggar, A. (2014). Earliest evidence for caries and exploitation of starchy plant foods in Pleistocene hunter-gatherers from Morocco. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(3), 954–959. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1318176111

Higham, Tom, Douka, K., Wood, R., Bronk Ramsey, C., Brock, F., Basell, L., … others. (2014). The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance. Nature, 512(7514), 306–309. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13621

Grant, K., Rohling, E., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R., Florindo, F., … others. (2014). Sea-level variability over five glacial cycles. Nature Communications, 5, 5076. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms6076

Dee, Michael W, Wengrow, D., Shortland, A. J., Stevenson, A., Brock, F., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2014). Radiocarbon dating and the Naqada relative chronology. Journal of Archaeological Science, 46, 319–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.03.016

Dee, Michael, & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2014). High-Precision Bayesian Modeling of Samples Susceptible to Inbuilt Age. Radiocarbon, 56(1), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.2458/56.16685

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Schulting, R., Goriunova, O. I., Bazaliiskii, V. I., & Weber, A. W. (2014). Analyzing Radiocarbon Reservoir Offsets through Stable Nitrogen Isotopes and Bayesian Modeling: A Case Study Using Paired Human and Faunal Remains from the Cis-Baikal Region, Siberia. Radiocarbon, 56(2), 789–799. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200049821

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Housley, R. A., Lane, C., Smith, V. C., & Pollard, A. M. (2014). The RESET database and associated analytical tools. Quaternary Science Reviews.

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Albert, P., Blockley, S., Hardiman, M., Lane, C., Macleod, A., … Staff, R. A. (2014). Integrating timescales with time-transfer functions: a practical approach for an INTIMATE database. Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, 67–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.028

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Albert, P., Hardiman, M., Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., Lee, S., … Lowe, J. (2014). Improved age estimates for important Late Quaternary European tephra horizons in the RESET lattice. Quaternary Science Reviews.

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher. (2014). Radiocarbon Dating in Paleoseismology. In M. Beer, I. A. Kougioumtzoglou, E. Patelli, & I. S.-K. Au (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering (pp. 1–11). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36197-5_34-1

Brauer, A., Hajdas, I., Blockley, S. P., Bronk Ramsey, C., Christl, M., Ivy-Ochs, S., … others. (2014). The importance of independent chronology in integrating records of past climate change for the 60-8 ka INTIMATE time interval. Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, 47–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.07.006

 

2013

 

Staff, Richard A, Schlolaut, G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Brock, F., Bryant, C. L., Kitagawa, H., … others. (2013). Integration of the old and new Lake Suigetsu (Japan) terrestrial radiocarbon calibration data sets. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 2049–2058. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16339

Staff, Richard A, Nakagawa, T., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Lamb, H. F., … others. (2013). The multiple chronological techniques applied to the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sediment core, central Japan. Boreas, 42(2), 259–266. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00278.x

Smith, V. C., Staff, R. A., Blockley, S. P., Bronk Ramsey, C., Nakagawa, T., Mark, D. F., … Danhara, T. (2013). Identification and correlation of visible tephras in the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sedimentary archive, Japan: chronostratigraphic markers for synchronising of east Asian/west Pacific palaeoclimatic records across the last 150 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 67, 121–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.01.026

Reimer, Paula J, Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, W. J., Blackwell, P. G., Bronk Ramsey, C., … others. (2013). Selection and treatment of data for radiocarbon calibration: an update to the international calibration (IntCal) criteria. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 1923–1945. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16955

Reimer, P J, Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J. W., Blackwell, P. G., Bronk Ramsey, C., … van der Plicht, J. (2013). IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0-50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 1869–1887. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947

Quiles, Anita, Aubourg, E., Berthier, B., Delque-Količ, E., Pierrat-Bonnefois, G., Dee, M., … Moreau, C. (2013). Bayesian modelling of an absolute chronology for Egypt’s 18th Dynasty by astrophysical and radiocarbon methods. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(1), 423–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.05.026

Ostapkowicz, Joanna, Bronk Ramsey, C., Brock, F., Cartwright, C., Stacey, R., & Richards, M. (2013). Birdmen, cemís and duhos: material studies and AMS 14C dating of Pre-Hispanic Caribbean wood sculptures in the British Museum. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(12), 4675–4687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.015

Nalawade-Chavan, S., McCullagh, J., Hedges, R., Bonsall, C., Boroneant, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Higham, T. (2013). Compound-specific radiocarbon dating of essential and nonessential amino acids: towards determination of dietary reservoir effects in humans. Radiocarbon, 55(2), 709–719. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200057866

Manning, S W, Kromer, B., Dee, M. W., Higham, T. F. G., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013). Radiocarbon calibration in the Mid to Later 14th Century BC and radiocarbon dating Tell el-Amarna, Egypt. In A. J. Shortland & C. Bronk Ramsey (Eds.), Radiocarbon and the Chronologies of Ancient Egypt (pp. 121–145). Oxbox Books, Oxford.

Lee, Sharen, Bronk Ramsey, C., & Mazar, A. (2013). Iron age chronology in Israel: results from modeling with a trapezoidal Bayesian framework. Radiocarbon, 55(2), 731–740. https://doi.org/10.1017/s003382220005788x

Lee, Sharen, Bronk Ramsey, C., & Hardiman, M. (2013). Modeling the Age of the Cape Riva (Y-2) Tephra. Radiocarbon, 55(3–4), 741–747. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200057891

Housley, R. A., MacLeod, A., Nalepka, D., Jurochnik, A., Masojc, M., Davies, L., … Lowe, J. J. (2013). Tephrostratigraphy of a Lateglacial lake sediment sequence at Wegliny, southwest Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 77, 4–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.07.014

Hogg, Alan, Turney, C., Palmer, J., Southon, J., Kromer, B., Bronk Ramsey, C., … Jones, R. (2013). The New Zealand Kauri (Agathis australis) Research Project: A Radiocarbon Dating Intercomparison of Younger Dryas Wood and Implications for IntCal13. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 2035–2048. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16217

Higham, Tom, Wood, R., Moreau, L., Conard, N., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013). Comments on “Human-climate interaction during the Early Upper Paleolithic: testing the hypothesis of an adaptive shift between the Proto-Aurignacian and the Early Aurignacian” by Banks et al. Journal of Human Evolution, 65(80), 6–809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.06.010

Fordyce, S. L., Àvila-Arcos, M. C., Rasmussen, M., Cappellini, E., Romero-Navarro, A. J., Wales, N., … Gilbert, T. M. P. (2013). Deep sequencing of RNA from ancient maize kernels. PloS One, 8(1), 50961. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050961

Drewes, A., Higham, T., Macdonald, M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013). Some absolute dates for the development of the Ancient South Arabian minuscule script. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 24(2), 196–207. https://doi.org/10.1111/aae.12027

Dee, M W, Wengrow, D., Shortland, A. J., Stevenson, A., Brock, F., Flink, L. G., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013). An absolute chronology for Early Egypt using radiocarbon dating and Bayesian statistical modelling. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 469(2159), 20130395–20130395. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2013.0395

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Scott, M., & van der Plicht, H. (2013). Calibration for Archaeological and Environmental Terrestrial Samples in the Time Range 26?50 ka cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55(4), 2021–2027. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16935

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Renfrew, C., & Boyd, M. (2013). The radiocarbon determinations. In C. Renfrew, O. Philaniotou, N. Brodie, G. Gavalas, & M. Boyd (Eds.), The sanctuary on Keros and the origins of Aegean ritual practice: the excavations of 2006-2008, volume I: the settlement at Dhaskalio (pp. 695–703). Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, & Lee, S. (2013). Recent and Planned Developments of the Program OxCal. Radiocarbon, 55(2–3), 720–730. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200057878

Brock, Fiona, Higham, T., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013). Comments on the use of Ezee-filters and ultrafilters at ORAU. Radiocarbon, 55(1), 211–212. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i1.16480

Bayliss, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G., McCormac, G., Otlet, R., & Walker, J. (2013). Radiocarbon dates from samples funded by English Heritage between 1988 and 1993. English Heritage.

 

2012

 

Scholz, D., Hoffmann, D. L., Hellstrom, J., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). A comparison of different methods for speleothem age modelling. Quaternary Geochronology, 14, 94–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2012.03.015

Schlolaut, Gordon, Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H. F., Staff, R. A., … Haraguchi, T. (2012). An automated method for varve interpolation and its application to the Late Glacial chronology from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Quaternary Geochronology, 13, 52–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2012.07.005

Renfrew, C., Boyd, M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). The oldest maritime sanctuary? Dating the sanctuary at Keros and the Cycladic Early Bronze Age. Antiquity, 86(331), 144–160. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00062517

Ostapkowicz, Joanna, Bronk Ramsey, C., Brock, F., Higham, T., Wiedenhoeft, A. C., Ribechini, E., … Wilson, S. (2012). Chronologies in wood and resin: AMS C-14 dating of pre-Hispanic Caribbean wood sculpture. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(7), 2238–2251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.01.035

Nakagawa, T., Gotanda, K., Haraguchi, T., Danhara, T., Yonenobu, H., Brauer, A., … Lamb, H. (2012). SG06, a fully continuous and varved sediment core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: stratigraphy and potential for improving the radiocarbon calibration model and understanding of late Quaternary climate changes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 36, 164–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.013

Lowe, J., Barton, N., Blockley, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cullen, V. L., Davies, W., … Tzedakis, P. C. (2012). Volcanic ash layers illuminate the resilience of Neanderthals and early modern humans to natural hazards. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(34), 13532–13537. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1204579109

Lee, S, & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). Development and Application of the Trapezoidal Model for Archaeological Chronologies. Radiocarbon, 54(1), 107–122. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v54i1.12397

Kutschera, W., Bietak, M., Wild, E. M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dee, M., Golser, R., … Weninger, F. (2012). The Chronology Of Tell El-Daba: A Crucial Meeting Point Of C-14 Dating, Archaeology, And Egyptology In The 2nd Millennium BC. Radiocarbon, 54(3–4), 407–422. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200047172

Hogg, Alan, Lowe, D. J., Palmer, J., Boswijk, G., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). Revised calendar date for the Taupo eruption derived by C-14 wiggle-matching using a New Zealand kauri C-14 calibration data set. Holocene, 22(4), 439–449.

Higham, Thomas, Basell, L., Jacobi, R., Wood, R., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Conard, N. J. (2012). Testing models for the beginnings of the Aurignacian and the advent of figurative art and music: The radiocarbon chronology of Geissenklosterle. Journal of Human Evolution, 62(6), 664–676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.03.003

Grant, K M, Rohling, E. J., Bar-Matthews, M., Ayalon, A., Medina-Elizalde, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., … Roberts, A. P. (2012). Rapid coupling between ice volume and polar temperature over the past 150,000 years. Nature, 491(7426), 744–747. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11593

Denham, T., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Specht, J. (2012). Dating the appearance of Lapita pottery in the Bismarck Archipelago and its dispersal to Remote Oceania. Archaeology in Oceania, 47(1), 39–46. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1834-4453.2012.tb00113.x

Dee, M W, Rowland, J. M., Higham, T. F. G., Shortland, A. J., Brock, F., Harris, S. A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). Synchronising Radiocarbon Dating and the Egyptian Historical chronology by Improved Sample Selection. Antiquity, 86(333), 868–883. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00047979

Bronk Ramsey, Christopher, Staff, R. A., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Kitagawa, H., van der Plicht, J., … Nakagawa, T. (2012). A Complete Terrestrial Radiocarbon Record for 11.2 to 52.8 kyr B.P. Science, 338(6105), 370–374. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1226660

Brock, Fiona, Wood, R., Higham, T. F. G., Ditchfield, P., Bayliss, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). Reliability Of Nitrogen Content (%N) And Carbon:Nitrogen Atomic Ratios (C:N) As Indicators Of Collagen Preservation Suitable For Radiocarbon Dating. Radiocarbon, 54(3–4), 879–886. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200047524

Brock, Fiona, Ostapkowicz, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Wiedenhoeft, A., & Cartwright, C. (2012). Paired Dating Of Pith And Outer Edge (Terminus) Samples From Pre-Hispanic Caribbean Wooden Sculptures. Radiocarbon, 54(3–4), 677–688. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200047342

Blockley, Simon P E, Lane, C. S., Hardiman, M., Rasmussen, S. O., Seierstad, I. K., Steffensen, J. P., … INTIMATE. (2012). Synchronisation of palaeoenvironmental records over the last 60,000 years, and an extended INTIMATE(1) event stratigraphy to 48,000 b2k. Quaternary Science Reviews, 36, 2–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.017

Blockley, S P E, Lane, C. S., Turney, C. S. M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2012). The INTegration of Ice core, MArine and TErrestrial records of the last termination (INTIMATE) 60,000 to 8000 BP. Quaternary Science Reviews, 36, 1–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.10.001

 

2011

 

Staff, R A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Payne, R. L., Schlolaut, G., … Suigetsu 2006 Project Members. (2011). New 14C Determinations from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: 12,000 to 0 cal BP. Radiocarbon, 53(3), 511–528. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200034627

Rowland, J. M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2011). Online C14 database for Egypt. Egyptian Archaeology, 38, 33–34.

Ostapkowicz, J, Widenhoeft, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., Ribechini, E., Wilson, S., Brock, F., & Higham, T. (2011). “Treasures...of black wood, brilliantly polished”: five examples of Taino sculpture from the tenth-sixteenth century Caribbean. Antiquity, 85(329), 942–959. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00068411

Lane, C. S., Blockley, S. P. E., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Lotter, A. F. (2011). Tephrochronology and absolute centennial scale synchronisation of European and Greenland records for the last glacial to interglacial transition: A case study of Soppensee and NGRIP. Quaternary International, 246(1–2), 145–156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2010.11.028

Higham, T, Jacobi, R., Basell, L., Bronk Ramsey, C., Chiotti, L., & Nespoulet, R. (2011). Precision dating of the Palaeolithic: A new radiocarbon chronology for the Abri Pataud (France), a key Aurignacian sequence. Journal of Human Evolution, 61(5), 549–563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.06.005

Brock, F, Lee, S., Housley, R. A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2011). Variation in the radiocarbon age of different fractions of peat: a case study from Ahrenshoft, northern Germany. Quaternary Geochronology, 6(6), 550–555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2011.08.003

 

2010

 

Wood, R. E., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Higham, T. F. G. (2010). Refining Background Corrections for Radiocarbon Dating of Bone Collagen at Orau. Radiocarbon, 52(02), 600–611. https://doi.org/10.1017/s003382220004563x

Tyler, J., Kashiyama, Y., Ohkouchi, N., Ogawa, N., Yokoyama, Y., Chikaraishi, Y., … Nakagawa, T. (2010). Tracking aquatic change using chlorine-specific carbon and nitrogen isotopes: The last glacial-interglacial transition at Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 11(9). https://doi.org/10.1029/2010gc003186

Staff, R A, Bronk Ramsey, C., & Nakagawa, T. (2010). A re-analysis of the Lake Suigetsu terrestrial radiocarbon calibration dataset. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, B268(7–8), 960–965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2009.10.074

Rasmussen, M., Li, Y., Lindgreen, S., Pedersen, J. S., Albrechtsen, A., Moltke, I., … Willerslev, E. (2010). Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. Nature, 463(7282), 757–762. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08835

Mazar, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2010). A Response to Finkelstein and Piasetzky’S Criticism and “New Perspective.” Radiocarbon, 52(04), 1681–1688. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200056411

Dee, MW, Brock, F., Harris, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Shortland, A., Higham, T., & Rowland, J. (2010). Investigating the likelihood of a reservoir offset in the radiocarbon record for ancient Egypt. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(4), 687–693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2009.09.003

Bronk Ramsey, C, Dee, M. W., Rowland, J. M., Higham, T. F. G., Harris, S. A., Brock, F., … Shortland, A. J. (2010). Radiocarbon-based chronology for Dynastic Egypt. Science, 328(5985), 1554–1557. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1189395

Bronk Ramsey, C, Dee, M., Lee, S., Nakagawa, T., & Staff, R. (2010). Developments in the calibration and modelling of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 52(3), 953–961. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200046063

Brock, F, Higham, T., Ditchfield, P., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2010). Current pretreatment methods for AMS radiocarbon dating at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU). Radiocarbon, 52(1), 103–112. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200045069

 

2009

 

Reimer, P J, Baillie, M. G. L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J. W., Blackwell, P. G., … Weyhenmeyer, C. E. (2009). IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0-50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 51(4), 1111–1150. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200034202

Lienkaemper, J. J., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2009). OxCal: Versatile Tool for Developing Paleoearthquake Chronologies - A Primer. Seismological Research Letters, 80(3), 431–434. https://doi.org/10.1785/gssrl.80.3.431

Hogg, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Turney, C., & Palmer, J. (2009). Bayesian evaluation of the southern hemisphere radiocarbon offset during the Holocene. Radiocarbon, 51(4), 1165–1176. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200034226

Bronk Ramsey, C, Higham, T. F. G., Brock, F., Baker, D., & Ditchfield, P. (2009). Radiocarbon dates from the oxford ams system: archaeometry datelist 33. Archaeometry, 51(2), 323-349. Archaeometry, 51(2), 323–349.

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2009). Dealing with outliers and offsets in radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon, 51(3), 1023–1045. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200034093

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2009). Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 51(1), 337–360. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200033865

 

2008

 

Mazar, A., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2008). 14C dates and the Iron Age chronology of Israel: a response. Radiocarbon, 50(2), 159–180. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200033506

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2008). Radiocarbon dating: Revolutions in understanding. Archaeometry, 50(2), 249–275. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00394.x

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2008). Deposition models for chronological records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(1–2), 42–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.01.019

Blockley, Simon P E, Bronk Ramsey, C., & Pyle, D. M. (2008). Improved age modelling and high-precision age estimates of late Quaternary tephras, for accurate palaeoclimate reconstruction. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 177(1), 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.10.015

Blockley, S P E, Bronk Ramsey, C., Lane, C. S., & Lotter, A. F. (2008). Improved age modelling approaches as exemplified by the revised chronology for the Central European varved lake Soppensee. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(1–2), 61–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.01.018

Bayliss, A, Cook, G., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J., & McCormac, G. (2008). Radiocarbon dates from samples funded by English Heritage under the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund 2004-7. English Heritage.

 

2007

 

Naysmith, P., Marian Scott, E., Cook, G. T., Heinemeier, J., van der Plicht, J., van Strydonck, M., … Freeman, S. P. H. T. (2007). A Cremated Bone Intercomparison Study. Radiocarbon, 49(02), 403–408. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200042338

Higham, T. F. G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Brock, F., Baker, D., & Ditchfield, P. (2007). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 32. Archaeometry, 49(S1), 1–60.

Bronk Ramsey, C, Higham, T., Whittle, A., & Bartosiewicz, L. (2007). Radiocarbon Chronology. In A. Whittle (Ed.), The Early Neolithic on the Great Hungarian Plain: Investigations of the Koros Culture site of Ecsegfalva 23, County Bekes: Vol. XXI (pp. 173–188). Budapestini: Publicationes Instituti Archaeologici Academiae Sceintiarum Hungaricae.

Bronk Ramsey, C, Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M., Jockel, P., Kjeldsen, H., & Masarik, J. (2007). Direct measurement of the radiocarbon production at altitude. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 259(1), 558–564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2007.01.202

Brock, F, Bronk Ramsey, C., & Higham, T. (2007). Quality Assurance of Ultrafiltered Bone Dating. Radiocarbon, 49(02), 187–192. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200042107

Blockley, S., Blaauw, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., & van der Plicht, J. (2007). Building and testing age models for radiocarbon dates in Lateglacial and Early Holocene sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26(15–16), 1915–1926. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.06.007

Bayliss, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J., & Whittle, A. (2007). Bradshaw and Bayes: Towards a Timetable for the Neolithic. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 17(S1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0959774307000145

Bayliss, A, Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G., & van der Plicht, J. (2007). Radiocarbon dates from samples funded by English Heritage under the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund 2002-4. English Heritage.

 

2006

 

Manning, S W, Bronk Ramsey, C., Kutschera, W., Higham, T., Kromer, B., Steier, P., & Wild, E. M. (2006). Chronology for the Aegean Late Bronze Age 1700-1400 B.C. Science, 312(5773), 565–569. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125682

Jacobi, R. M., Higham, T. F. G., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2006). AMS radiocarbon dating of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic bone in the British Isles: improved reliability using ultrafiltration. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21(5), 557–573. https://doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1037

Higham, T. F. G., Jacobi, R. M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2006). AMS Radiocarbon Dating of Ancient Bone Using Ultrafiltration. Radiocarbon, 48(02), 179–195. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200066388

Higham, T, Bronk Ramsey, C., Karavanic, I., Smith, F. H., & Trinkaus, E. (2006). Revised direct radiocarbon dating of the Vindija G(1) upper Paleolithic Neandertals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(3), 553–557. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0510005103

Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, C. E., Manning, S. W., Reimer, P., & van der Plicht, H. (2006). Developments in radiocarbon calibration for archaeology. Antiquity, 80(310), 783–798. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00094424

 

2005

 

Higham, T, Anderson, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Tompkins, C. (2005). Diet-derived variations in radiocarbon and stable isotopes: A case study from Shag River Mouth, New Zealand. Radiocarbon, 47(3), 367–375. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200035141

Gravina, B., Mellars, P., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2005). Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature, 438(7064), 51–56. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04006

Bruins, H. J., van der Plicht, J., Mazar, A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Manning, S. (2005). The Groningen radiocarbon series from Tel-Rehov: OxCal Bayesian computations for the Iron IB-IIA boundary and Iron IIA destruction levels. In T. E. Levy & T. F. G. Higham (Eds.), The Bible and Radiocarbon Dating (pp. 271–293). London: Equinox.

 

2004

 

van der Plicht, J., Beck, J. W., Bard, E., Baillie, M. G. L., Blackwell, P. G., Buck, C. E., … Weyhenmeyer, C. E. (2004). NotCal04 - Comparison/calibration C-14 records 26-50 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3), 1225–1238. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200033117

Reimer, P J, Baillie, M. G. L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J. W., Bertrand, C. J. H., … Weyhenmeyer, C. E. (2004). IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0-26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3), 1029–1058. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200032999

Hughen, K. A., Baillie, M. G. L., Bard, E., Beck, J. W., Bertrand, C. J. H., Blackwell, P. G., … Weyhenmeyer, C. E. (2004). Marine04 marine radiocarbon age calibration, 0-26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon, 46(3), 1059–1086. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200033002

Higham, T. F. G., Hedges, R. E. M., Anderson, A. J., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Fankhauser, B. (2004). Problems associated with the AMS dating of small bone samples: The question of the arrival of polynesian rats to New Zealand. Radiocarbon, 46(1), 207–218. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200039539

Galimberti, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Manning, S. W. (2004). Wiggle-match dating of tree-ring sequences. Radiocarbon, 46(2), 917–924. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200035967

Bronk Ramsey, C, Manning, S. W., & Galimberti, M. (2004). Dating the volcanic eruption at Thera. Radiocarbon, 46(1), 325–344. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200039631

Bronk Ramsey, C, Higham, T. F. G., & Leach, P. (2004). Towards High-Precision AMS: Progress and Limitations. Radiocarbon, 46(01), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200039308

Bronk Ramsey, C, Higham, T. F. G., Bowles, A., & Hedges, R. E. M. (2004). Improvements to the Pretreatment of Bone at Oxford. Radiocarbon, 46(01), 155–163. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200039473

Bronk Ramsey, C, Ditchfield, P., & Humm, M. (2004). Using a gas ion source for radiocarbon AMS and GC-AMS. Radiocarbon, 46(1), 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1017/s003382220003931x

Bayliss, A, Popescu, S. E., Beavan-Athfield, N., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cook, G. T., & Locker, A. (2004). The potential significance of dietary offsets for the interpretation of radiocarbon dates: an archaeologically significant example from medieval Norwich. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31(5), 563–575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2003.10.004

Bayliss, A, & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2004). Pragmatic Bayesians: a Decade of Integrating Radiocarbon Dates into Chronological Models. In C. E. Buck & A. R. Millard (Eds.), Tools for Constructing Chronologies: Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries, Lecture Notes in Statistics (Vol. 177, pp. 25–41). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0231-1_2

 

2003

 

Trinkaus, E., Moldovan, C., Milota, T., Bilgar, A., Sarcina, L., Athreya, S., … van der Plicht, J. (2003). An early modern human from the Pestera cu Oase, Romania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(20), 11231–11236. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2035108100

Stott, A. W., Berstan, R., Evershed, R. P., Bronk Ramsey, C., Hedges, R. E., & Humm, M. J. (2003). Direct dating of archaeological pottery by compound-specific 14C analysis of preserved lipids. Analytical Chemistry, 75(19), 5037–5045. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac020743y

Staddon, P. L., Bronk Ramsey, C., Ostle, N., Ineson, P., & Fitter, A. H. (2003). Rapid turnover of hyphae of mycorrhizal fungi determined by AMS microanalysis of C-14. Science, 300(5622), 1138–1140. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1084269

Rhodes, E. J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Outram, Z., Batt, C., Willis, L., Dockrill, S., & Bond, J. (2003). Bayesian methods applied to the interpretation of multiple OSL dates: high precision sediment ages from Old Scatness Broch excavations, Shetland Isles. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22(10–13), 1231–1244. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-3791(03)00046-5

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2003). Punctuated dynamic equilibria: a model for chronological analysis. In R. A. Bentley & H. D. G. Maschner (Eds.), Complex Systems and Archaeology (pp. 85–92). University of Utah Press.

 

2002

 

Reimer, P J, Hughen, K. A., Guilderson, T. P., McCormac, G., Baillie, M. G. L., Bard, E., … van der Plicht, J. (2002). Preliminary report of the first workshop of the IntCal04 radiocarbon calibration/comparison working group. Radiocarbon, 44(3), 653–661. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200032100

Manning, Sturt W, Bronk Ramsey, C., Doumas, C., Marketou, T., Cadogan, G., & Pearson, C. (2002). New evidence for an early date for the Aegean Late Bronze Age and Thera eruption. Antiquity, 76(293), 733–744. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0003598x00091183

Bronk Ramsey, C, Higham, T. H. F., Owen, D. C., Pike, A. W. G., & Hedges, R. E. M. (2002). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 31. Archaeometry, 44(3s), 1–149.

 

2001

 

Stott, A. W., Berstan, R., Evershed, R. P., Hedges, R. E. M., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Humm, M. J. (2001). Radiocarbon dating of single compounds isolated from pottery cooking vessel residues. Radiocarbon, 43(2A), 191–197. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200038005

Hodgins, G. W. L., Butters, T. D., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Hedges, R. E. M. (2001). The chemical and enzymatic hydrolysis of archaeological wood cellulose and monosaccharide purification by high pH anion exchange chromatography for compound-specific radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon, 43(2A), 209–215. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200038029

Bronk Ramsey, C, van der Plicht, J., & Weninger, B. (2001). “Wiggle matching” radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 43(2A), 381–389. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200038248

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2001). Development of the radiocarbon calibration program OxCal. Radiocarbon, 43(2A), 355–363. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200038212

 

2000

 

Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., Hedges, R. E. M., & Hodgins, G. W. L. (2000). AMS radiocarbon dating at Oxford and its contribution to issues of the extinction of Neanderthals and the spread of Homo sapiens sapiens across Eurasia. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 172(1–4), 751–755. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-583x(00)00399-2

Dee, M, & Bronk Ramsey, C. (2000). Refinement of graphite target production at ORAU. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, B172(1–4), 449–453. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-583x(00)00337-2

Bronk Ramsey, C, Pettitt, P. B., Hedges, R. E. M., Hodgins, G. W. L., & Owen, D. C. (2000). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 30. Archaeometry, 42(2), 459–479.

Bronk Ramsey, C, Pettitt, P. B., Hedges, R. E. M., Hodgins, G. W. L., & Owen, D. C. (2000). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 29. Archaeometry, 42(1), 243–254.

Bronk Ramsey, C, & Humm, M. J. (2000). On-line combustion of samples for AMS and ion source developments at ORAU. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 172(1–4), 242–246. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-583x(00)00116-6

Bronk Ramsey, C. (2000). Comment on “The Use of Bayesian Statistics for 14C dates of chronologically ordered samples: a critical analysis.” Radiocarbon, 42(2), 199–202. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200059002

 

1999

 

Bronk Ramsey, C, Pettitt, P. B., Hedges, R. E. M., Hodgins, G. W. L., & Owen, D. C. (1999). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 28. Archaeometry, 41(2), 421–431.

Bronk Ramsey, C, Pettitt, P. B., Hedges, R. E. M., & Hodgins, G. W. L. (1999). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 27. Archaeometry, 41(1), 197–206.

 

1998

 

Needham, S., Bronk Ramsey, C., Coombs, D., Cartwright, C., & Pettitt, P. B. (1998). An Independent Chronology for British Bronze Age Metalwork: The Results of the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Programme. Archaeological Journal, 154(1), 55–107. https://doi.org/10.1080/00665983.1997.11078784

Hedges, R. E. M., Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1998). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 26. Archaeometry, 40(2), 437–455.

Hedges, R. E. M., Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1998). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 25. Archaeometry, 40(1), 227–239.

Hedges, R. E. M., Bronk Ramsey, C., Klinken, V. G. J., Pettitt, P. B., Nielsen-Marsh, C., Etchegoyen, A., … Llamazares, A. M. (1998). Methodological issues in the C-14 dating of rock paintings. Radiocarbon, 40(1), 35–44. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200017859

Bronk Ramsey, C. (1998). Probability and dating. Radiocarbon, 40(1), 461–474. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200018348

 

1997

 

Jiang, Z. X., Bronk Ramsey, C., Hedges, R. E. M., Somogyi, P., Roberts, J. D. B., & Cowey, A. (1997). High resolution AMS imaging of radiocarbon in biomedical applications. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 123(1–4), 271–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-583x(96)00630-1

Hedges, R. E. M., Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1997). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 24. Archaeometry, 39(2), 445–471.

Hedges, R. E. M., Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1997). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 23. Archaeometry, 39(1), 247–262.

Hedges, R. E. M., Jiang, Z. X., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cowey, A., Roberts, J. D. B., & Somogyi, P. (1997). Imaging of radiocarbon-labelled tracer molecules in neural tissue using accelerator mass spectroscopy (vol 383, pg 823, 1996). Nature, 390(6657), 315–315.

Bronk Ramsey, C, & Hedges, R. E. M. (1997). Hybrid ion sources: Radiocarbon measurements from microgram to milligram. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 123(1–4), 539–545. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0168-583x(96)00612-x

 

1996

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Pettitt, P. B., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1996). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 22. Archaeometry, 38(2), 391–415.

Hedges, R. E. M., Jiang, Z. X., Bronk Ramsey, C., Cowey, A., Roberts, J. D. B., & Somogyi, P. (1996). Imaging of radiocarbon labelled tracer molecules in neural tissue using accelerator mass spectrometry. Nature, 383(6603), 823–826. https://doi.org/10.1038/383823a0

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & van Klinken, G. J. (1996). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 21. Archaeometry, 38(1), 181–207.

 

1995

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & van Klinken, G. J. (1995). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 20. Archaeometry, 37(2), 417–430.

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & van Klinken, G. J. (1995). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 19. Archaeometry, 37(1), 195–214.

Bronk Ramsey, C, & Hedges, R. E. M. (1995). Radiocarbon with gas chromatography. Radiocarbon, 37(2), 711–716. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200031246

Bronk Ramsey, C. (1995). Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy: The OxCal program. Radiocarbon, 37(2), 425–430. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200030903

 

1994

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & van Klinken, G. J. (1994). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 18. Archaeometry, 36(2), 337–374.

Hedges, R. E. M., & Bronk Ramsey, C. (1994). Design Considerations for a Future Injection System for Radiocarbon Ams Measurements. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 92(1–4), 217–220. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583x(94)96008-9

Freeman, S. P. H. T., Bronk Ramsey, C., & Hedges, R. E. M. (1994). Imaging Ams. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 92(1–4), 231–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583x(94)96011-9

Bronk Ramsey, C, & Hedges, R. E. M. (1994). Gas Handling Systems for Radiocarbon Dating by AMS. Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B-Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 92(1–4), 105–110.

Bronk Ramsey, C. (1994). Analysis of Chronological Information and Radiocarbon Calibration : The Program OxCal. Archaeological Computing Newsletter, 41, 11–16.

 

1993

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & and Van Klinken, G. J. (1993). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 17. Archaeometry, 35(2), 305–326.

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., & and Van Klinken, G. J. (1993). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 16. Archaeometry, 35(1), 147–167.

 

1992

 

Hedges, R., Humm, M., Foreman, J., Klinken, G. J., & Bronk, C. (1992). Developments in sample combustion to carbon dioxide, and in the Oxford AMS carbon dioxide ion source system. Radiocarbon, 34(3), 306–311. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033822200063463

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk, C. R., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1992). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 15. Archaeometry, 34(2), 337–357.

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk, C. R., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1992). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 14. Archaeometry, 34(1), 141–159.

1991

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk, C. R., & van Klinken, G. J. (1991). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 13. Archaeometry, 33(2), 279–296.

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk, C. R., & Van Klinken, G. J. (1991). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 12. Archaeometry, 33(1), 121–134.

 

1990

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Law, I. A., & Bronk, C. R. (1990). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 10. Archaeometry, 32(1), 101–108.

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Bronk, C. R., & van Klinken, G. J. (1990). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 11. Archaeometry, 32(2), 211–237.

Freeman, S., Bronk, C. R., & Hedges, R. (1990). The design of a radiocarbon muprobe for tracer mapping in biological specimens. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 52(3–4), 405–409. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583x(90)90446-2

Bronk, C. R., & Hedges, R. (1990). A gaseous ion source for routine AMS radiocarbon dating. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 52(3–4), 322–326. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-583x(90)90430-3

 

1989

 

Hedges, R. E. M., Housley, R. A., Law, I. A., & Bronk, C. R. (1989). Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 9. Archaeometry, 31(2), 207–234.

Damon, P. E., Donahue, D. J., Gore, B. H., Hathaway, A. L., Jull, A. J. T., Linick, T. W., … Tite, M. S. (1989). Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin. Nature, 337(6208), 611–615. https://doi.org/10.1038/337611a0

 

Postgraduate teaching

Course lecturer in Chronology for the MSc in Archaeological Science.

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